Kentucky History Timeline
History Timeline of the Native Indians of Kentucky
10,000 BC: Paleo-Indian Era (Stone Age culture) the
earliest human inhabitants of America who lived in caves and were Nomadic hunters of large game including the Great Mammoth and giant bison.
7000 BC: Archaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone
weapons and stone tools
1000 AD: Woodland Period including the Adena culture (mounds, a burial complex and ceremonial
system. The Adena lived in a variety of locations, including: Ohio, Indiana, West Virginia, Kentucky, and parts of Pennsylvania and New York.) and Hopewell cultures
1000: Mississippian Culture established.
This was the last of the mound-building cultures of North America in Midwestern, Eastern, and Southeastern United States
1739: Captain Charles de Longueuil explores Kentucky. The French
claimed most of land, established trading posts with help of local Indian tribes
1750: Thomas Walker explores Kentucky through the Cumberland Gap
Christopher Gist explores the region along the Ohio River
1754: 1754 - 1763: The French Indian War is won by Great Britain
against the French so ending the series of conflicts known as the French and Indian Wars
1775: 1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution.
1776: 1776-1794 Chickamauga
Wars aka the Second Cherokee War, a series of conflicts of the Cherokee against the encroachment into their territory.
1776: July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence
1785: Northwest Indian War (1785–1795) in Indiana and Ohio. The Americans suffered 2 humiliating defeats by the American Native Indians until they won the Battle
of Fallen Timbers in 1794
1794: General "Mad Anthony" Wayne's victory at Fallen Timbers in Ohio ends Indian attacks in Kentucky
The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land
1812: 1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate
but confirmed America's Independence
1830: Indian Removal Act
of Indian Affairs established
1861: 1861 - 1865: The American Civil War.
Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers
1865: The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy
1887: Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers
All Indians declared citizens of
1979: American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed